Besakih Bali Hindu Mother Temple tourist attraction, is one of a famous tourist destination with overwhelm positif energi vibration from a largest holy shrines, which standing upright on the slopes of active Agung volcano as a highest mountain in paradise island.
Besakih mother temple tourist object with its spiritual nuance is so exceptional, not only amongst tourists but also to local Balinese people with its top function to get final stamp of any kind spiritual ceremonials in Bali.
Moreover, the powerful natural energy vibration from Besakih temple no doubt, that's why these holy region often dubbed as Bali Mother temple, which becomes centre of all sacred shrines found in the Island with thousand of temples.
In addition, spiritually Besakih shrines is also as the crown's cakra that radiated as the highest level part in the universe balance concept, from swastika symbol in Hindu religious teachings.
Pura Besakih is the only one of the oldest and largest temples, standing upright on the slopes of an active Agung Volcano (one of the highest mountain with an altitude 3.142 meters above the sea level), which precisely located in Karangasem east Bali.
Talking about Besakih temple indeed very interesting to be explained, because this holy region is closely related with the religious pilgrim journey ("Tirta Yatra") of a Hindu priest from India who previously lived in Java island, namely: "RSI MARKANDEYA" or often called "Bhatara Giri Rawang".
Before Besakih temple stands as now, the existence of these region is a wild jungle and inhabited by many savage animals found in this place,
then explained Rsi Markandeya finally comes with thousands of his followers to clean Besakih area, as he has got a spiritual appeal from the God.
He is also one of a Hindu holy priest who laid the first stone in the construction of Besakih temple by planting "PANCA DATU" (Five precious metals), such as:
Which become symbol balance of the universe, and all of these precious metals are planted in Basukian temple area.
While the essence construction of Besakih temple reflects the epitome of "CATUR DEWA LOKAPALA" with the presence of "LORD SHIVA" in the middle, so becomes "PANCA DEWATA" (power symbol of main cardinal directions) as nature's balances.
Overall five (5) of these wind directions in more detail subdivided into eleven (11) sides of "EKA DASA RUDRA", ie:
- Iswara (East side)
- Maheswara (Southeast side)
- Brahma (South side)
- Rudra (Southwest side)
- Mahadeva (West side)
- Sangkara (Northwest side)
- Vishnu (North side)
- Shambu (Northeast side)
- Shiva (Bottom side)
- Sadashiva (Middle side)
- Paramashiva.(Upper side)
Besakih temple also one of a sacred place which have mix of original concepts from "Indonesian culture" with the "Megalithikum tradition" and "Hindu concepts" that became symbol of "TRI LOKA" (Three (3) tiers world spiritually), ie:
- Bhur Loka (Bottom)
- Bwah Loka (Middle)
- Swah Loka (Upper)
Panca Dewata temple at Besakih, ie:
- East side there is Gelap temple (Iswara)
- West side there is Ulun Kulkul temple (Mahadeva)
- North side there is Batumadeg temple (Vishnu)
- South side there is Kiduling Kreteg temple (Brahma)
- Middle side there is Besakih temple (Shiva)
Moreover, Pura Besakih also a legacy of Megalithic era, with variety of "Artifacts" and "Menhir" (upright stones) found and now existed in Kiduling Kreteg temple, as symbol the power of universe.
And the existence of Besakih temple is also a fusion of "Classical Tradition" that strongly influenced from the reign of "Majapahit Kingdom" in the-13th century AD until 15th century AD.
In its development, almost all the kings that ever reigned in Bali island recorded has also been doing worship at Besakih temple, such as:
- The ancient King of Bali, named: "SRI KESARI WARMADEWA" also recorded has been build "Merajan Slonding Temple", based on noted of "Blanjong Monument (Sanur)" in the year Caka 913.
- During the reign of King "AIRLANGGA", also has been recorded a Hindu priest named "MPU BHARADAH" came to Besakih according to "Batumadeg Inscription" in the year Caka 929 (1007 AD).
- King "SRI KRESNA KEPAKISAN" also sent a whole "Arya" (Ksatrya's caste) to conduct of worship at Besakih temple in the year 1352 AD.
- Kings of Gelgel, namely: "DALEM KETUT NGULESIR", "DALEM BATUR NGULESIR", "DALEM BATUR ENING" and his successors also have been hold a prayers at Besakih temple.
- King of Klungkung "I DEWA AGUNG JAMBE" and all the kings around Bali also doing the same thing in Besakih temple.
Besakih temple is very spacious sacred place, with variety grandeur from the existence of Hindus temple in it.
And regarding to the main of temple's function also its status as "Penyungsungan Jagat" which means: a holy place used to worship by all Hindus in Bali, and Besakih temple was built in the-8th century AD.
While in the central yard from Besakih temple there are also "PADMA TIGA" (3 main holy shrines), which became symbol omnipotence of God that worshiped in the forms of "TRI PURUSA", ie:
- Shiva controls Bhur Loka
- Sada Shiva controls Bwah Loka
- Parama Shiva controls Swah Loka
Regarding the meaning of Besakih itself, comes from word: "BASUKI / BASUKIAR / WASUKI / BASUKIH" which means: "Holy / Safe".
This sacred area is one of historical site that built in the 8th century by a holy hindu priest, namely: "RSI MARKANDEYA",
while the precisely location of Besakih temple is located in Besakih village - Rendang sub-district - Karangasem regency - Northeast side of Bali (in Bali language: "Ersanya").
How to get to Besakih temple can be reached easily with all kinds of vehicles (Cars, Buses or Motorcycles),
and mileage location if from:
- Denpasar city will take about 2 hours 30 minutes
- Nusa Dua area around 3 hours
- Sanur area 2 hours 30 minutes
- Ubud area 2 hours
While the ticket price (entrance fee) will be charged IDR. 60,000 rates quoted per person and has to be paid at the front gate before heading to Besakih temple.
Until now the existence of Besakih temple frequently visited by a large number of tourists both local tourists, domestic or foreigners from all over the world when they are enjoying Bali holiday tour packages.
So, lastly how's your record ?.
Can't wait to bring your whole family to visit this exceptional Besakih temple ?
Let's go touring together !.
But, if you are interesting to know closely about sightseeing trip to Besakih Bali mother temple,
To understand further about tips to do full-day tour to see Besakih Hindu mother temple also visit other interesting tourist attractions,
- please read: "[Besakih travel guide] - Things to know about (before you go) & Tips to do tours to Hindu Bali mother temple"
And to know further about full-day tour price Besakih mother temple,
Finally....that's all the explanation about Besakih Hindu Bali Mother Temple tourist object from us.
Oh ya...One more thing, if you want further explanation how to arrange sightseeing trip to this top tourist area,
please feels free to "CONTACT US" at Sorga Bali Tours (Online organizer for holidays, Adventure packages and Bali tour service activities).
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